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Date: Monday, September 28, 2020 19:46

Release 3.47
Xeden® 50 mg, 150 mg and 200 mg Tablets for Dogs
 
Species: Dogs
Therapeutic indication: Pharmaceuticals: Antimicrobials: Oral preparations: Tablets
Active ingredient: Enrofloxacin
Product:Xeden® 50 mg, 150 mg and 200 mg Tablets for Dogs
Product index: Xeden 50, 150 & 200 mg Tablets for Dogs
Qualitative and quantitative composition
Active substance:
Xeden 50 mg Tablet: Each tablet contains: Enrofloxacin 50.0 mg
Xeden 150 mg Tablet: Each tablet contains: Enrofloxacin 150.0 mg
Xeden 200 mg Tablet: Each tablet contains: Enrofloxacin 200.0 mg
Excipients:
For the full list of excipients, see Pharmaceutical particulars.
Pharmaceutical form
Clover-shaped scored beige tablet. The tablet can be divided into four equal parts
Clinical particulars
Target species
Dogs
Indications for use, specifying the target species
In dogs:
Treatment of lower urinary tract infections (associated or not with prostatitis) and upper urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia Coli or Proteus mirabilis.
Treatment of superficial and deep pyoderma.
Contraindications
Do not use in young or growing dogs (dogs aged less than 12 months (small breed) or less than 18 months (large breed)) as the product may cause epiphyseal cartilage alterations in growing puppies.
Do not use in dogs having seizure disorders, since enrofloxacin may cause CNS stimulation.
Do not use in dogs with known hypersensitivity to fluoroquinolones or to any of the excipients of the product.
Do not use in case of resistance to quinolones, as there exists almost complete cross resistance to other quinolones and complete cross resistance to other fluoroquinolones.
Do not use with tetracyclines, phenicols or macrolides because of potential antagonistic effects.
See also Use during pregnancy, lactation and lay and Interactions
Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
Fluoroquinolones should be reserved for the treatment of clinical conditions which have responded poorly, or are expected to respond poorly, to other classes of antimicrobials.
Wherever possible, fluoroquinolones should be used based on susceptibility testing.
Use of the product deviating from instructions given in the SPC may increase the prevalence of bacteria resistant to fluoroquinolones and may decrease the effectiveness of treatment with other quinolones due to the potential for cross resistance.
Official and local antimicrobial policies should be taken into account when the product is used.
Use the product with caution in dogs with severe renal or hepatic impairment.
Pyoderma is mostly secondary to an underlying disease. It is advisable to determine the underlying cause and to treat the animal accordingly.
The chewable tablets are flavoured. In order to avoid any accidental ingestion, store tablets out of reach of the animals.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Persons with a known hypersensitivity to (fluoro)quinolones should avoid any contact with the product.
In case of accidental ingestion, seek medical advice immediately and show the package leaflet to the physician.
Wash hands after handling the product
In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water.
Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Possible joint cartilage alterations in growing puppies (see Contraindications)
In rare cases vomiting and anorexia are observed.
In rare case, hypersensitive reactions may occur. In this case, the administration of the product should be stopped.
Neurological signs (seizures, tremors, ataxia, excitation) can occur.
Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
Use during pregnancy:
Laboratory studies in laboratory animals (rat, chinchilla) have not produced any evidence of a teratogenic, foetotoxic, maternototoxic effect. Use only according to the benefit/risk assessment by the responsible veterinarian.
Use during lactation:
As enrofloxacin passes into the maternal milk, the use is not recommended during lactation.
Interactions
Concurrent use of flunixin should be under careful veterinary monitoring, as the interactions between these drugs may lead to adverse events related to delayed elimination.
Concomitant administration of theophylline requires careful monitoring as serum levels of theophylline may increase.
Concurrent use of magnesium or aluminum containing substances (such as antacids or sucralfate) may reduce absorption of enrofloxacin. These drugs should be administered two hours apart. Do not use with tetracyclines, phenicols or macrolides because of potential antagonistic effects.
Amounts to be administered and administration route
Oral use.
5 mg of enrofloxacin/kg/day as a single daily dosing, i.e. one Xeden 50 mg tablet for 10 kg body weight, one Xeden 150 mg tablet for 30 kg body weight, one Xeden 200 mg for 40 kg daily body weight for:
- 10 days in lower urinary tract infections
- 15 days in upper urinary tract infections and lower urinary tract infections associated with prostatitis
- Up to 21 days in superficial pyoderma depending on clinical response
- Up to 49 days in deep pyoderma depending on clinical response
The treatment should be reconsidered in case of lack of clinical improvement at half of the treatment duration.
Xeden 50 mg
Number of tablets per day
Xeden 150 mg
Number of tablets per day
Xeden 200 mg
Number of tablets per day
Weight of dog (kg)
1/4
2 - < 4
1/2
4 - < 6.5
3/4
1/4
6.5 - < 8.5
1
1/4
8.5 - < 11
1 ¼
1/2
11 - < 13.5
1 ½
1/2
13.5 - < 17
3/4
1/2
17 - < 25
1
3/4
25 - < 35
1 ¼
1
35 - < 40
1 ½
1
40 - < 45
1 ½
1 ¼
45 - < 50
1 ¾
1 ¼
50 - < 55
2
1 ½
55 - < 65
1 ¾
65 - < 80
To ensure a correct dosage body weight should be determined as accurately as possible to avoid underdosing.
The tablets are flavoured, and are well accepted by dogs. The tablets may be administered directly in the mouth of the dog or simultaneously with food if necessary.
Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
Overdosing can cause vomiting and nervous signs (muscle tremor, incoordination and convulsions) which may require treatment discontinuation. In the absence of any known antidote, apply drug elimination methods and symptomatic treatment.
If necessary, administration of aluminium or magnesium-containing antacids or activated carbon can be used to reduce absorption of enrofloxacin.
According to literature, signs of overdosage with enrofloxacin in dogs such as inappetence and gastrointestinal disturbance were observed at approximately 10 times the recommended dose when administered for two weeks. No signs of intolerance were observed in dogs administered 5 times the recommended dose for a month.
Withdrawal period(s)
Not applicable
Pharmacological particulars
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Fluoroquinolones. ATCvet code: QJ01MA90
Pharmacodynamic properties
Enrofloxacin is a synthetic fluoroquinolone antibiotic that exerts its activity by inhibiting topoisomerase II, an enzyme involved in the mechanism of bacterial replication.
Enrofloxacin exerts bactericidal activity concentration-dependant with similar values of minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericide concentrations. It also possesses activity against bacteria in the stationary phase by an alteration of the permeability of the outer membrane phospholipid cell wall.
In general, enrofloxacin exhibits good activity against most Gram-negative bacteria, especially those of the Enterobacteriacea. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Proteus spp., and Enterobacter spp. are generally susceptible.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is variably susceptible and, when it is susceptible, usually has a higher MIC than other susceptible organisms.
Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus intermedius usually are susceptible.
Streptococci, enterococci, anaerobic bacteria can generally be considered resistant.
Induction of resistance against quinolones can develop by mutations in the gyrase gene of bacteria and by changes in cell permeability towards quinolones.
According to the CLSI standard (CLSI July 2013), the veterinary breakpoints available for Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus spp., are:
MICs values for enrofloxacin in dogs (skin, soft tissue, respiratory and UTI), S ≤ 0.5 μg/mL; I: 1_2 μg/mL; R ≥ 4μg/ml.
Pharmacokinetic properties
Enrofloxacin is rapidly metabolised to form an active compound, ciprofloxacin.
After oral administration of Xeden (5 mg/kg) in dogs:
- The maximal plasma concentration of enrofloxacin of 1.72 µg/mL was observed one hour following administration.
- The maximal plasma concentration of ciprofloxacin (0.32 µg/mL) was observed two hours following administration.
Enrofloxacin is primarily excreted via the kidneys. A major portion of the parent drug and its metabolites is recovered in urine.
Enrofloxacin is widely distributed in the body. The tissue concentrations are often higher than the serum concentrations. Enrofloxacin crosses the blood-brain barrier. The degree of protein binding in serum is 14% in dogs. The half-life in serum is 3-5 hours in dogs (5 mg/kg). Approximately 60% of the dose is excreted as unchanged enrofloxacin and the remainder as metabolites, amongst others ciprofloxacin. The total clearance is approximately 9 ml/minute/kg bodyweight in dogs.
Pharmaceutical particulars
List of excipients
Pig liver powder, Yeast, Cellulose microcrystalline, Croscarmellose sodium, Copovidone, Silica colloidal anhydrous, Hydrogenated castor oil, Lactose monohydrate
Shelf life
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 3 years
Shelf-life of divisions of the tablets: 72 hours
Special precautions for storage
Store in the original container. Protect from light. Divided tablets should be stored in the blister pack. Any divided tablet portions remaining after 3 days should be discarded. These medicinal products do not require any special temperature storage conditions.
Nature and composition of immediate packaging
Xeden 50 mg Tablets:
Blister complex: PVDC-TE-PVC/Aluminium heat sealed blisters with 10 tablets / blister
Cardboard box with 1 blister of 10 tablets; Cardboard box with 10 blisters of 10 tablets.
Xeden 150 & 200 mg Tablets:
Blister complex: PVDC-TE-PVC/Aluminium heat sealed blisters with 6 tablets / blister
Cardboard box with 2 blisters of 6 tablets; Cardboard box with 20 blisters of 6 tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from the use of such products
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Marketing Authorisation Number
Xeden 50 mg Tablets: Vm 15052/4123
Xeden 150 mg Tablets: Vm 15052/4122
Xeden 200 mg Tablets: Vm 15052/4124
Significant changes
Date of the first authorisation or date of renewal
Xeden 50 mg and 150 mg tablets: 29 October 2008
Xeden 200 mg tablets: 12 October 2010
Date of revision of the text
April 2019
Any other information
Nil
Legal category
Legal category: POM-V
GTIN
GTIN description:Xeden 50 mg 10x10T
GTIN:03411112276622
GTIN description:Xeden 150 mg 20x6T
GTIN:03411112276837
GTIN description:Xeden 200 mg 20x6T
GTIN:03411112278305