NOAH Compendium

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Date: Tuesday, May 28, 2024 22:58

Release 5.66
Species: Dogs
Therapeutic indication: Pharmaceuticals: Ectoparasiticides: For dogs
Active ingredient: Fipronil, (S)-methoprene
Product:Frontline Plus Spot On Dog
Product index: Frontline Plus Spot On Dog
Qualitative and quantitative composition
Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog
Each pipette contains (ml):
Active substances:
Fipronil (mg)
(S)-methoprene (mg)
Butylhydroxytoluene (E321) (mg)
Butylhydroxyanisole (E320) (mg)
For the full list of excipients, see "Pharmaceutical particulars" section.
Pharmaceutical form
Spot-on solution.
Clear amber solution.
Clinical particulars
Target species
Indications for use
For the treatment of dogs weighing 2 -to-10 kg bodyweight
-To be used against infestations with fleas, alone or in association with ticks and/or biting lice.
-Treatment of flea infestations (Ctenocephalides spp.). Insecticidal efficacy against new infestations with adult fleas persist for 8 weeks. Prevention of the multiplication of fleas by inhibiting the development of eggs (ovicidal activity) and larvae and pupae (larvicidal activity) originating from eggs laid by adult fleas for eight weeks after application.
-Treatment of tick infestations (Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor variabilis, Dermacentor reticulatus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The product has a persistent acaricidal efficacy for up to 4 weeks against ticks.
-Treatment of infestations with biting lice (Trichodectes canis).
In the absence of available data, the product should not be used on puppies less than 8 weeks old and/or weighing less than 2 kg.
Do not use on sick (e.g. systemic diseases, fever) or convalescent animals.
Do not use in rabbits, as adverse reactions with even mortality could occur. In absence of studies, the use of the product is not recommended in non-target species. This product is specifically developed for dogs. Do not use in cats and ferrets, as this could lead to overdosing.
Do not use in cases of hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients.
Special warnings for each target species
Bathing/immersion in water within 2 days after application of the product and more frequent bathing than once a week should be avoided, as no study has been performed to investigate how this affects the efficacy of the product. Emollient shampoos can be used prior to treatment, but reduce the duration of protection against fleas to approximately 5 weeks when used weekly after application of the product. Weekly bathing with a 2% chlorhexidine medicated shampoo did not affect efficacy against fleas during a 6 week long study.
There may be an attachment of a few ticks. For this reason a transmission of infectious diseases cannot be completely excluded if conditions are unfavourable.
Fleas from pets often infest the animal's basket, bedding and regular resting areas such as carpets and soft furnishings which should be treated, in case of massive infestation and at the beginning of the control measures, with a suitable insecticide and vacuumed regularly.
When treating infestations of parasites, all in-contact animals should be treated with an appropriate product at the same time.
Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
Avoid contact with the animal's eyes.
It is important to make sure that the product is applied to an area where the animal cannot lick it off and to make sure that animals do not lick each other following treatment.
Animals should be weighed accurately prior to treatment.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Keep pipettes in original packaging until ready to use. In order to prevent children from getting access to used pipettes, dispose of used pipettes immediately.
This product can cause mucous membrane, skin and eye irritation. Therefore, contact of the product with mouth, skin and eyes should be avoided.
If the product is accidentally swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show the package leaflet to the physician.
People with a known hypersensitivity (allergy) to insecticides or alcohol should avoid contact with this product. Avoid contents coming into contact with the fingers. If this occurs, wash hands with soap and water.
After accidental ocular exposure the eye should be rinsed carefully with pure water.
Wash hands after use.
Treated animals should not be handled until the application site is dry, and children should not be allowed to play with treated animals until the application site is dry. It is therefore recommended that animals are not treated during the day, but should be treated during the early evening, and that recently treated animals are not allowed to sleep with owners, especially children.
Do not smoke, drink or eat during application.
Other precautions
Fipronil and (S)-methoprene may adversely affect aquatic organisms. Dogs should not be allowed to swim in watercourses for 2 days after application.
The alcohol carrier may have adverse effects on painted, varnished or other household surfaces or furnishings.
Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Among the very rare suspected adverse reactions, transient skin reactions on the application site (skin discoloration, local hair loss, itching, redness) and general itching or hair loss have been reported after use. Excessive salivation, reversible nervous signs (increased sensitivity to stimulation, depression, other nervous signs), vomiting or respiratory symptoms have also been observed after use.
If licking occurs, a brief period of excessive salivation may be observed due mainly to the nature of the carrier.
Do not overdose.
The frequency of adverse reactions is defined using the following convention:
- very common (more than 1 in 10 animals treated displaying adverse reaction(s))
- common (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 100 animals treated)
- uncommon (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 1,000 animals treated)
- rare (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 10,000 animals treated)
- very rare (less than 1 animal in 10,000 animals treated, including isolated reports).
Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
The product can be used during pregnancy and lactation.
Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Do not use simultaneously with other flea products which are applied directly on to the animal.
Amounts to be administered and administration route
One pipette of either 0.67 ml (S), weighing over 2 and up to 10 kg; 1.34 ml (M), weighing over 10 and up to 20 kg; 2.68 ml (L), weighing over 20 and up to 40 kg or 4.02 ml (XL), weighing over 40 kg per dog, corresponding to a minimum recommended dose of 6.7 mg/kg for fipronil and 6 mg/kg for (S)-methoprene, by topical application to the skin.
In the absence of safety studies, the minimum treatment interval is 4 weeks.
Method of administration:
Hold the pipette upright. Tap the narrow part of the pipette to ensure the contents remain within the main body of the pipette. Snap back the tip. Part the coat on the back of the animal at the base of the neck in front of the shoulder blades until the skin is visible. Place the tip of the pipette on the skin and squeeze the pipette several times to empty its contents completely and directly onto the skin in one spot.
Temporary changes to the coat (clumped/greasy hair) may be noted at the application site.
Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
No adverse effects were observed in target animal safety studies in 8 week-old puppies, growing dogs and dogs weighing about 2 kg treated once at five times the recommended dose. The risk of experiencing adverse effects (see Adverse Reactions section) may however increase when overdosing, so animals should always be treated with the correct pipette size according to bodyweight.
Withdrawal period(s)
Not applicable.
Pharmacological particulars
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Ectoparasiticides for topical use incl. insecticides QP53.
ATC vet code: QP53AX65.
The product is an insecticidal and acaricidal solution for topical use, containing an association of an adulticidal active ingredient, fipronil, in combination with an ovicidal and larvicidal active ingredient, (S)-methoprene.
Pharmacodynamic properties
Fipronil is an insecticide and acaricide belonging to the phenylpyrazole family. It acts by interacting with ligand-gated chloride channels, in particular those gated by the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), thereby blocking pre- and post-synaptic transfer of chloride ions across cell membranes. This results in uncontrolled activity of the central nervous system and death of insects or acarines. Fipronil kills fleas within 24 hours and ticks (Dermacentor reticulatus, Dermacentor variabilis, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Ixodes scapularis, Ixodes ricinus, Haemaphysalis longicornis, Haemaphysalis flava, Haemaphysalis campanulata) and lice within 48 hours post-exposure.
(S)-Methoprene is an insect growth regulator (IGR) of the class of compounds known as juvenile hormone analogues that inhibit the development of immature stages of insects. This compound mimics the action of juvenile hormone and causes impaired development and death of the developing stages of fleas. The on-animal ovicidal activity of (S)-methoprene results from either direct penetration of the eggshell of newly laid eggs or from absorption through the cuticle of the adult fleas. (S)-methoprene is also effective in preventing flea larvae and pupae from developing, which prevents contamination of the environment of treated animals with the immature stages of fleas.
Pharmaceutical particulars
List of excipients
Butylhydroxyanisole (E320)
Butylhydroxytoluene (E321)
Ethanol Polysorbate 80 (E433)
Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether
Major incompatibilities
None known.
Shelf life
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 3 years
Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 30°C. Store in the original package.
Nature and composition of immediate packaging
Nature of primary packaging
A green pipette composed of a heat-formed shell (polyacrylonitrile-methyl acrylate copolymer in contact with the solution / polypropylene) and a film (polyacrylonitrile-methyl acrylate copolymer in contact with the solution / aluminium / polyethylene terephthalate).
A green pipette composed of a heat-formed shell (polyethylene in contact with the solution / ethylene vinyl alcohol / polyethylene / polypropylene / cyclic-olefin-copolymer / polypropylene) and a film (polyethylene in contact with the solution / ethylene vinyl alcohol / polyethylene / aluminium / polyethylene terephthalate).
Sales presentation(s)
Blister card of 1 x 0.67 ml pipette with a scored tip
Box of 1 blister card of 1 x 0.67 ml pipette with a scored tip and two empty blister spaces
Box of 1 blister card of 3 x 0.67 ml pipettes with a scored tip
Box of 1 blister card of 4 x 0.67 ml pipettes with a scored tip
Box of 2 blister cards of 3 x 0.67 ml pipettes with a scored tip
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from the use of such products
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal product should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Fipronil and (S)-methoprene may adversely affect aquatic organisms. Do not contaminate ponds, waterways or ditches with the product or empty containers.
Marketing Authorisation Number
Vm 08327/4268-71
Significant changes
Legal category
Legal category: AVM-GSL
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Small x 3 pipettes
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Small x 6 pipettes
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Small x 1 pipette
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Medium x 3 pipettes
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Medium x 6 pipettes
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Medium x 1 pipette
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Large x 3 pipettes
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Large x 6 pipettes
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog Large x 1 pipette
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog X-Large x 3 pipettes
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog X-Large x 6 pipettes
GTIN description:Frontline Plus Spot-On Dog X-Large x 1 pipette