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Date: Thursday, July 18, 2024 0:55

Description: MSD-AH
Release 2.63
Heptavac® P Plus suspension for injection for sheep
 
Species: Sheep
Therapeutic indication: Immunological veterinary medical products: For sheep
Active ingredient: Vaccine Antigens
Product:Heptavac® P Plus
Product index: Heptavac® P Plus
Sheep - meat: Zero days
Incorporating:
Qualitative and quantitative composition
Each ml of vaccine contains:
Active substances:
Clostridium perfringens beta toxoid
≥ 10 IU*
Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxoid
≥ 5 IU*
Clostridium septicum toxoid
≥ 2.5 IU*
Clostridium tetani toxoid
≥ 2.5 IU*
Clostridium novyi toxoid
≥ 3.5 IU*
Inactivated Clostridium chauvoei
≥ 0.5 guinea pig PD90#
Inactivated Mannheimia haemolytica A1, A2, A6, A7, A9
5x108 cells per strain
Inactivated Pasteurella trehalosi T3, T4, T10, T15
5x108 cells per strain
* International Units of antitoxin, conform Ph.Eur.
# Protective Dose 90%, conform Ph.Eur.
Adjuvant:
Aluminium hydroxide gel 400 mg
Excipient:
Thiomersal 0.067-0.15 mg
For a full list of excipients, see section "Pharmaceutical particulars".
Pharmaceutical form
Opaque suspension.
Clinical particulars
Target species
Sheep.
Indications for use
For the active immunisation of sheep as an aid in the control of lamb dysentery, pulpy kidney, struck, tetanus, braxy, blackleg, black disease, clostridial metritis caused by Clostridium perfringens types B, C and D, Cl. septicum, Cl. novyi, Cl. chauvoei and Cl. tetani. The vaccine may be used as an aid in the control of pneumonic pasteurellosis in sheep of all ages from a minimum age of 3 weeks and in the control of systemic pasteurellosis in weaned fattening and breeding sheep.
The vaccine may be used in pregnant ewes as an aid in the control of lamb dysentery, pulpy kidney, tetanus and pasteurellosis in their lambs provided that the lambs receive sufficient immune colostrum during the first 1-2 days of life.
Onset of immunity: As with most inactivated vaccines, significant levels of immunity cannot be expected until 2 weeks after the second dose of vaccine in the primary vaccination course.
Duration of immunity: Evidence of efficacy of the Pasteurella/Mannheimia component of this vaccine was generated in an experimental infection model and it is not possible to provide duration of immunity information using this system. There are reports that active immunity will last for up to 1 year and that passive immunity will persist for up to 4 weeks after birth in lambs from ewes vaccinated with conventional Pasteurella vaccines.
Contraindications
None.
Special warnings for each target species
Vaccinate healthy animals only.
Special precautions for use
This vaccine should not be used in lambs less than 3 weeks of age. The nutritional and metabolic status of pregnant ewes is extremely important at the time of vaccination. If in doubt, advice should be sought from a veterinary surgeon.
In any group of animals, a small number of individuals may fail to respond to vaccination as a result of immunological incompetence. Satisfactory immune responses will only be attained in healthy animals, thus it is important to avoid vaccination of animals which have intercurrent infection or metabolic disorder.
When handling sheep, stress should be avoided, particularly during the later stages of pregnancy when there is a risk of inducing abortion and metabolic disorders.
Because sheep are very sensitive to contamination of the injection site (which may result in non-product related tissue reactions and even in abscesses), it is advised to follow strict aseptic injection techniques.
Operator warnings
Accidental self-injection might result in localized swelling, severe pain, soft tissue injury or infection.
In case of accidental self-injection, seek medical advice immediately and show the package leaflet or the label to the physician.
Adverse reactions
Sheep:
Common
(1 to 10 animals / 100 animals treated):
Injection site reaction1.
Very rare
(<1 animal / 10,000 animals treated, including isolated reports):
Hypersensitivity reaction, anaphylaxis2.
1 Small and transient. Usually characterised by swelling. May be present for up to 3-4 months post-vaccination.
2 Sometimes fatal. If such reaction occurs, appropriate treatment should be administered without delay.
Reporting adverse events is important. It allows continuous safety monitoring of a veterinary medicinal product. Reports should be sent, preferably via a veterinarian, to either the marketing authorisation holder or its local representative or the national competent authority via the national reporting system. See the package leaflet for respective contact details.
Use during pregnancy or lactation
Ewes may be vaccinated during pregnancy as an aid in the control of lamb dysentery, pulpy kidney, tetanus and pasteurellosis in their lambs provided that the lambs receive sufficient immune colostrum during the first 1-2 days of life.
Interactions
No information is available on the safety and efficacy of this vaccine when used with any other veterinary medicinal product. A decision to use this vaccine before or after any other veterinary medicinal product therefore needs to be made on a case by case basis.
Amounts to be administered and administration route
The vaccine should be administered by subcutaneous injection in the lateral side of the upper neck observing aseptic precautions. Syringes and needles should be sterile before use and the injection should be made through an area of clean, dry skin taking precautions against contamination.
All breeding sheep not previously vaccinated with this vaccine must receive two injections, each of 2.0 ml, separated by an interval of 4-6 weeks. Thereafter they must receive booster injections at intervals of not more than 12 months. In adult breeding ewes these yearly booster injections should be given during the pre-lambing period, 4-6 weeks pre-lambing, as an aid in control of disease in their lambs.
On farms where the incidence of pasteurellosis is high, a supplementary booster injection using a Pasteurella vaccine may be required 2-3 weeks prior to expected seasonal outbreaks.
This vaccine should not be used in lambs less than 3 weeks of age due to the possible immunological incompetence of the very young lamb and competition from any maternally derived colostral antibodies. Lambs being retained for fattening or subsequent breeding will require a full course of vaccination. At a minimum age of 3 weeks these lambs should receive two injections, each of 2.0 ml, separated by an interval of 4-6 weeks. It should be noted that this vaccine is the recommended vaccine for breeding stock since it provides optimal aid in the control of the predominant clostridial diseases in adult sheep by active immunisation and in young lambs by passive immunisation.
The vaccine bottle must be shaken well before use. The use of automatic vaccination equipment is recommended. Since the bottle is non-collapsible, a vaccinator with a vented draw-off spike or similar device must be used. The instructions supplied with such equipment should be noted and care should be taken to ensure the delivery of the full dose, particularly with the final few doses from the bottle.
Strict precautions should be taken against contamination of the vaccine. A fresh sterile needle must be used each time the rubber cap is punctured, to avoid contamination of the remaining contents. Syringes and needles must be from gamma irradiated packs or freshly sterilised by boiling for at least 20 minutes.
This vaccine has been developed following research and development which resulted in the application of Plus ‘IRP’ technology for the manufacture of the Pasteurella/Mannheimia components of this vaccine. The inclusion of these IRP components should provide enhanced efficacy and cross protection e.g. protection against serotype A12, which is not included in the vaccine, has been demonstrated. Studies on the response of sheep to this vaccine show that two injections separated by an interval of 4-6 weeks are required to gain the full benefit of the ‘IRP’.
Overdose
Accidental overdosage is unlikely to cause any reaction other than those described in section ‘Adverse reactions’. No adverse local or systemic reactions were noted in overdose studies (2-fold overdose) performed in pregnant ewes and lambs.
Withdrawal period
Zero days.
Pharmacological particulars
ATCvet code: QI04AB05
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Immunologicals for ovidae, sheep, inactivated bacterial vaccines (including mycoplasma, toxoid and chlamydia), clostridium and pasteurella.
For the immunisation of sheep as an aid in the control of clostridial diseases and pasteurellosis.
Pharmaceutical particulars
Excipients
Thiomersal
Tris
Maleic acid
Sodium chloride
Formaldehyde
Water
Major incompatibilities
Do not mix with any other veterinary medicinal product.
Shelf life
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 2 years.
Shelf life after first opening the immediate packaging: use within 10 hours.
Special precautions for storage
Store in a refrigerator (2 °C – 8 °C).
Do not freeze.
Protect from light.
Immediate packaging
Low density polyethylene bottle of 50 ml, 100 ml, 250 ml or 500 ml with chlorobutyl rubber closure and aluminium cap.
Pack sizes:
Cardboard box containing 1 bottle of 50 ml, 100 ml, 250 ml or 500 ml.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Disposal
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater.
Any unused product or waste materials should be disposed of in accordance with national requirements.
Marketing Authorisation Number
UK(GB): Vm 01708/5099
UK(NI): Vm 01708/3029
Significant changes
Date of the first authorisation or date of renewal
11 June 1997.
Date of revision of the text
May 2024
Any other information
For animal treatment only. Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
Legal category
Legal category: POM-VPS
GTIN
GTIN description:Heptavac-P Plus 1x50ml:
GTIN:8713184027726
GTIN description:Heptavac-P Plus 1x100ml:
GTIN:8713184027719
GTIN description:Heptavac-P Plus, 1x125ds/250ml :
GTIN:8713184027733
GTIN description:Heptavac-P Plus, 1x250ds/500ml:
GTIN:8713184027702