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Dosage and administration
The required dosage will differ to some extent between individuals and with the nature and severity of the disorder.
Dogs should be dosed orally, starting with a dose of 2.5 - 5.0 mg/kg (0.06 - 0.125ml per kg) bodyweight per day. The dose should be divided and administered twice daily using the 2ml syringe provided. 1ml contains 40mg of phenobarbital.
Weight of dog
Volume of Epiphen Solution/day*
Dosage range mg/kg
1- 1.5 kg
2.7 - 4.0
2-3 kg
2.7 - 4.0
4 - 5 kg
3.2 - 4.0
6 - 9 kg
3.1 - 4.7
10 - 15 kg
1.2 ml
3.2 - 4.8
16 - 20 kg
1.6 ml
3.2 - 4.0
*The dose should be divided and administered twice daily.
Steady state serum concentrations are not reached until 1 - 2 weeks after treatment is initiated. The full effect of the medication does not appear for two weeks and doses should not be increased during this time.
If seizures are not being controlled, the dosage may be increased by 20% at a time, with associated monitoring of serum phenobarbital levels. The phenobarbital serum concentration may be checked after steady state has been achieved, and if it is less than 15 µg/ml the dose may be adjusted accordingly. If seizures recur the dose may be raised up to a maximum serum concentration of 40 µg/ml. High plasma concentrations may be associated with hepatotoxicity. Blood samples should be taken at the same time to allow plasma phenobarbital concentration to be determined, preferably during trough levels shortly before the next dose of phenobarbital is due.