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Further information
ATC Vet code: QJ01MA93
Pharmacodynamic properties:
Marbofloxacin is a synthetic, bactericidal antimicrobial, belonging to the fluoroquinolone group which acts by inhibition of DNA gyrase. It is effective against a wide range of Gram positive bacteria (in particular Staphylococci) and Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens, Morganella morganii, Proteus spp, Klebsiella spp, Shigella spp, Pasteurella spp, Haemophilus spp, Moraxella spp, Pseudomonas spp) as well as Mycoplasma spp.
Pharmacokinetic properties:
After subcutaneous or intramuscular administration in cattle and intramuscular administration in pigs at the recommended dose of 2mg/kg, marbofloxacin is readily absorbed and reaches maximal plasma concentrations of 1.5microgram/ml within less than 1 hour. Its bioavailability is close to 100%. It is weakly bound to plasma proteins (less than 10% in pigs and 30% in cattle), extensively distributed and in most tissues (liver, kidney, skin, lung, bladder, uterus, digestive tract) it achieves a higher concentration than in plasma.
In cattle, marbofloxacin is eliminated slowly in pre-ruminating calves (t1/2β = 5-9h) but faster in ruminant cattle (t1/2β = 4-7h) predominantly in the active form in urine (¾ in pre-ruminating calves, ½ in ruminants) and faeces (¼ in pre-ruminating calves, ½ in ruminants).
In pigs, marbofloxacin is eliminated slowly (t1/2β = 8-10h) predominantly in the active form in urine (2/3) and faeces (1/3).