NOAH Compendium

Printed from NOAH Compendium (https://www.noahcompendium.co.uk). (c) Copyright NOAH Compendium 2024. All Rights Reserved.
Date: Sunday, February 25, 2024 7:47

Release 2.49
Marbocyl™ SA 200mg Powder and Solvent for Solution for Injection
 
Species: Cats, Dogs
Therapeutic indication: Pharmaceuticals: Antimicrobials: Injections
Active ingredient: Marbofloxacin
Product:Marbocyl™ SA 200mg Powder and Solvent for Solution for Injection
Product index: Marbocyl SA 200mg
Incorporating:
Presentation
Powder and solvent for solution for injection.
SA 200mg
Lyophilisate vial
Active ingredient:
Marbofloxacin
 200mg
Disodium Edetate
Benzalkonium Chloride
Excipient to
  20mg
   2mg
1000mg
Solvent vial
Water for Injections
  20ml
Uses
In dogs: Marbocyl SA is indicated:
‑ in the treatment of infected wounds and subcutaneous abcesses due to Staphylococcus intermedius, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pasteurella spp. and Pseudomonas spp.
‑ in the treatment of lower urinary tract infections due to Escherichia coli and Proteus spp.
In cats: Marbocyl SA is indicated :
‑ in the treatment of infected wounds and subcutaneous abcesses due to Pasteurella multocida, Staphylococcus intermedius, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus spp., Enterobacter spp. and Klebsiella spp.
Marbofloxacin is inactive against anaerobic bacteria.
Dosage and administration
Reconstitution: - Before use, reconstitute the lyophilised powder using the solvent (water for injections) provided for the 200mg vial. Using aseptic technique, withdraw 20ml from the vial of solvent and add rapidly to the lyophilised powder. When reconstituted in this way, the solution will contain 10mg marbofloxacin per ml.
In dogs: the recommended doses and durations of treatment are:
For the treatment of infected wounds and subcutaneous abcesses- a single subcutaneous or intravenous injection, at a dosage of 2mg/kg (1ml/5kg), followed the next day by administration of Marbocyl Tablets daily at a dosage of 2mg/kg for 6 days.
For the treatment of lower urinary tract infections - a single subcutaneous or intravenous injection, at a dosage of 2mg/kg (1ml/5kg), followed the next day by administration of Marbocyl Tablets daily at 2mg/kg for at least 10 days and up to 28 days.
In cats: the recommended dose and duration of treatment is:
For the treatment of infected wounds and subcutaneous abscesses 2 mg/kg/day (0.2ml/kg/day), by subcutaneous or intravenous injection followed by subcutaneous injections for a total of 3 to 5 days.
Contra-indications, warnings, etc
Marbofloxacin should not be used in dogs aged less than 12 months or less than 18 months for exceptionally large breeds of dogs, such as Great Danes or Mastiffs with a longer growth period.
Do not use in cases of resistance to other fluoroquinolones (cross-resistance).
Do not use in cases of hypersensitivity to the active substance, to any other quinolones or to any of the excipients.
Special warnings for each target species
None.
Special Precautions for use in animals
Fluoroquinolones have been shown to induce erosion of articular cartilage in juvenile dogs and care should be taken to dose accurately especially in young animals.
Fluoroquinolones are also known for their potential neurological side effects. Cautious use is recommended in dogs and cats diagnosed as suffering from epilepsy.
Fluoroquinolones should be reserved for the treatment of clinical conditions which have responded poorly or are expected to respond poorly to other classes of antimicrobials. Use of the product should be based on susceptibility testing of the bacteria isolated from the animal. If this is not possible, therapy should be based on local (regional, farm level) epidemiological information about susceptibility of the target bacteria. Use of the product deviating from the instructions given in the SPC may increase the prevalence of bacteria resistant to the fluoroquinolones and may reduce effectiveness of treatment with other quinolones due to the potential for cross-resistance.
Official and local antimicrobial policies should be taken into account when the product is used.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product
People with known hypersensitivity to (fluoro)quinolones should avoid using this product.
In case of contact with skin or eyes, rinse with plenty of water.
Accidental self-injection can induce a slight irritation.
In case of accidental self-injection, seek medical advice and show the label to the doctor.
Wash hands after use.
Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
After subcutaneous administration, no undesirable effect is observed up to 2 times the maximum recommended therapeutic dose in dogs or 3 times the maximum recommended dose for cats.
After i.v. administration at 4mg/kg, rare mild and transitory side effects have been reported:
- ptyalism (excess salivation)
- nervous disorders: vocalization, excitation, trembling (myoclonia).
- very rarely, hypersensitivity reactions, diarrhoea and vomiting have been reported
The frequency of adverse reactions is defined using the following convention:
Very rare (less than 1 animal in 10,000 animals treated, including isolated reports)
Official and local antimicrobial policies should be taken into account when the product is used
Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
The dosage of theophylline must be reduced when used concurrently.
Overdosage may cause acute signs in the form of neurological disorders, hypersalivation or trembling which should be treated symptomatically.
After subcutaneous administration, no undesirable effect is observed up to 2 times the maximum recommended therapeutic dose in dogs or 3 times the maximum recommended dose for cats. After i.v. administration at 4mg/kg, rare mild and transitory side effects have been reported: -ptyalism (excess salivation) - nervous disorders: vocalization, excitation, trembling (myoclonia).
Withdrawal period
Not applicable.
Use during pregnancy and lactation
Studies carried out with laboratory animals showed no embryotoxic, foetotoxic or teratogenic effects. However, no specific studies have been carried out on pregnant cats or dogs.
Pharmaceutical precautions
Protect both lyophilized powder and reconstituted solutions from light. Do not store above 25°C.
Any reconstituted product remaining 28 days after preparation should be discarded.
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Legal category
Legal category: POM-V
Packaging quantities
MARBOCYL SA is packaged in amber Type II glass vials containing 200mg marbofloxacin in the form of a white freeze dried powder. Colourless Type II glass vials of solvent are supplied which contain 20ml Water for Injections PhEur.
Further information
Pharmacodynamic properties
Marbofloxacin is a synthetic bactericidal anti-infective, belonging to the fluoroquinolone group. It acts by inhibition of DNA gyrase. It is effective against a wide range of Gram positive bacteria (in particular Staphylococcus spp.), Gram negative (Escherichia Coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Campylobacter jejunii, Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens, Morganella morganii, Proteus spp, Shigella spp, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Mannheumia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Klebsiella spp. Haemophilus spp, Moraxella spp, Pseudomonas spp, Brucella canis) as well as Mycoplasma.
Pharmacokinetic properties
After subcutaneous administration at the recommended dose of 2mg/kg to dogs and cats, marbofloxacin is rapidly absorbed with a bioavailability close to 100%. After subcutaneous administration of 2mg/kg in dogs and cats, the maximum plasma concentration achieved is 1.5 microgram/ml. IV administration results in a similar pharmacokinetic profile for Area Under the Time Curve (AUC) and Elimination (T1/2) values.
Marbofloxacin is weakly bound to plasma proteins (< 10% in dogs and cats) and is extensively distributed. In most tissues (skin, muscles, liver, kidney, lungs, bladder, digestive tract), tissue concentrations are higher than in plasma.
Marbofloxacin is slowly eliminated with an elimination half life from 10 to14 h in both species, mainly in the active form in urine (2/3), and faeces (1/3).
Marketing Authorisation Number
Marbocyl SA 200 mg: Vm 08007/4079.
Significant changes
GTIN
GTIN description:Marbocyl SA 200mg
GTIN:03605870007370