The GnRH agonist, deslorelin, acts by suppressing the function of the pituitary-gonadal axis when applied in a low, continuous dose. This suppression results in the failure of treated animals to synthesise and/or release follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH), the hormones responsible for the maintenance of fertility.
The continuous low dose of deslorelin will reduce the functionality of the male reproductive organs, libido and spermatogenesis and lower the plasma testosterone levels, from 4 to 6 weeks after 10 implantation. A short transient increase in plasma testosterone may be seen immediately after implantation. Measurement of plasma concentrations of testosterone has demonstrated the persistent pharmacological effect of the continuing presence of deslorelin in the circulation for at least 12 months following administration of the veterinary medicinal product.
It has been shown that plasma deslorelin levels peak 7 to 35 days following administration of an implant containing 5 mg radiolabelled deslorelin. The substance can be directly measured in the plasma up to approximately 2.5 months post implantation. The metabolism of deslorelin is rapid.