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Pharmacological particulars
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Cardiac stimulant (phosphodiesterase inhibitor).
ATCvet code: QC01CE90
Pharmacodynamic properties
Pimobendan, a benzimidazole-pyridazinone derivative, is a non-sympathomimetic,
non-glycoside inotropic substance with potent vasodilatative properties.
Pimobendan exerts its stimulatory myocardial effect by a dual mode of action: it increases calcium sensitivity of cardiac myofilaments and inhibits phosphodiesterase (type III). It also exhibits a vasodilatory action through inhibition of phosphodiesterase III activity.
When used in cases of valvular insufficiency in conjunction with furosemide, the product has been shown to improve the quality of life and extend life expectancy in treated dogs.
When used in a limited number of cases of dilated cardiomyopathy in conjunction with furosemide, enalapril and digoxin the product has been shown to improve the quality of life and to extend life expectancy in treated dogs.
Pharmacokinetic properties
Following oral administration of this veterinary medicinal product the absolute
bio-availability of the active principle is 60-63%. Since this bio-availability is considerably reduced when pimobendan is administered with food or shortly thereafter, it is recommended to treat animals approximately 1 hour before feeding.
The volume of distribution is 2.6 l/kg, indicating that pimobendan is distributed readily into the tissues. The mean plasma protein binding is 93%.
The compound is oxidatively demethylated to its major active metabolite (UD-CG 212). Further metabolic pathways are phase II conjugates of UD-CG-212, in essence glucuronides and sulphates.
The plasma elimination half-life of pimobendan is 1.1 ± 0.7 hours. The main active metabolite is eliminated with a plasma elimination half-life of 1.5 ± 0.2 hours. Almost the entire dose is eliminated via faeces.