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Contra-indications, warnings, etc
Do not use in cases of hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients.
Do not use simultaneously with other macrolides or lincosamides.
Do not administer to animals suffering from gastrointestinal lesions, haemorrhagic diathesis, blood dyscrasia or hepatic, renal or cardiac conditions.
Do not use concurrently with other diuretics, nephrotoxic veterinary medicinal products or anticoagulants.
Cross resistance occurs with other macrolides. Do not administer simultaneously with antimicrobials with a similar mode of action such as other macrolides or lincosamides.
This product does not contain any antimicrobial preservative.
Use of the product should be based on identification and susceptibility testing of the target pathogen(s). If this is not possible, therapy should be based on epidemiological information and knowledge of susceptibility of the target bacteria at farm level, or at local/regional level.
Use of the product should be in accordance with official, national and regional antimicrobial policies.
Use of the product deviating from the instructions given in the SPC may increase the prevalence of bacteria resistant to tulathromycin and may decrease the effectiveness of treatment with other macrolides, lincosamides and group B streptogramins due to the potential for cross resistance (MLSB resistance).
Since many NSAIDs possess the potential to induce gastrointestinal ulceration, especially in aged cattle and young calves, concomitant use of the product with other anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g., corticosteroids) should be avoided within the first 24 hours of treatment. Afterwards concurrent treatment with NSAIDs and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be closely monitored. The use of the product (that contains ketoprofen) in aged animals or animals less than 6 weeks should be based on a benefit/risk assessment of the responsible veterinarian.
Avoid use in dehydrated, hypovolaemic or hypotensive animals which require parenteral rehydration, as there may be a potential risk of renal toxicity.
Intra-arterial and intra-venous injection should be avoided.
Subcutaneous administration very commonly causes transient pain reactions and local swellings at the injection site that can persist for up to 32 days. Pathomorphological injection site reactions (including reversible changes of congestion, oedema, fibrosis and haemorrhage) are present for approximately 32 days after injection.
In common with all NSAIDs, due to their action of inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, there can be the possibility in certain individuals of gastric or renal intolerance.
The frequency of adverse reactions is defined using the following convention:
- very common (more than 1 in 10 animals treated displaying adverse reaction(s))
- common (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 100 animals treated)
- uncommon (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 1,000 animals treated)
- rare (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 10,000 animals treated) - very rare (less than 1 animal in 10,000 animals treated, including isolated reports).
At dosages of 3 and 5 times the recommended dose transient signs of injection site pain and/or swelling which in some instances lasted until day 32. Additionally, transient signs attributed to injection site discomfort (pain) were observed and included restlessness, head-shaking, pawing the ground, and brief decrease in feed intake. Microscopic mucosal erosions of the pylorus of the abomasum were observed at 3 and 5 times the recommended dose. Repeated administration can result in gastric toxicity. Mild myocardial degeneration has been observed in cattle receiving 5 to 6 times the recommended dose.
Laboratory studies with tulathromycin in rats and rabbits have not produced any evidence of teratogenic, foetotoxic or maternotoxic effects. Studies with ketoprofen in laboratory species (rats, mice and rabbits) have not produced any evidence of teratogenic effects, but effects on fertility, maternal toxicity and embryotoxicity has been observed. There are known adverse class-effects of NSAIDS and other prostaglandin inhibitors on pregnancy and/or embryofoetal development. The safety of tulathromycin and ketoprofen combination in the target species has not been established during pregnancy and lactation. Use only according to the benefit/risk assessment by the responsible veterinarian.
Withdrawal periods
Meat and offal: 50 days
Not authorised for use in cattle producing milk for human consumption.
Do not use in pregnant animals, which are intended to produce milk for human consumption, within 2 months of expected parturition.
Operator warnings
This veterinary medicinal product may cause hypersensitivity (allergy). People with known hypersensitivity to tulathromycin, ketoprofen, or to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should avoid contact with the veterinary medicinal product. In case of accidental spillage onto skin, wash the skin immediately with soap and water.
This veterinary medicinal product may cause adverse effects after dermal exposure and self-injection. Take care to avoid skin contact and accidental self-injection. In case of accidental self-injection, seek medical advice immediately and show the package leaflet or the label to the physician.
NSAIDs, such as ketoprofen, may affect fertility and be harmful for the unborn child. Pregnant women, women intending to conceive and men planning to have children should use extreme caution while handling this veterinary medicinal product.
This veterinary medicinal product is irritating to eyes. Avoid contact with the eyes. In case of accidental eye exposure, flush the eyes immediately with clean water. If irritation persists, seek medical advice and show the package leaflet to the physician.
Wash hands after use.