NOAH Compendium

Printed from NOAH Compendium (https://www.noahcompendium.co.uk). (c) Copyright NOAH Compendium 2024. All Rights Reserved.
Date: Wednesday, April 17, 2024 22:27

Release 4.659
Librela® solution for injection for dogs
 
Species: Dogs
Therapeutic indication: Immunological veterinary medical product (non vaccine): For dogs
Active ingredient: Monoclonal antibody
Product:Librela® solution for injection for dogs
Product index: Librela
Incorporating:
Presentation
Each vial of 1 ml contains 5, 10, 15, 20 or 30 mg bedinvetmab.
Bedinvetmab is a caninised monoclonal antibody expressed through recombinant techniques in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells.
Solution for injection.
Clear to slightly opalescent solution.
Uses
Indicated for the alleviation of pain associated with osteoarthritis in dogs.
Dosage and administration
For subcutaneous use.
Dosage and treatment schedule
The recommended dose is 0.5-1.0 mg/kg bodyweight, once a month.
For dogs weighing <5.0 kg:
Aseptically withdraw 0.1 ml/kg from a single 5 mg/ml vial and administer subcutaneously.
For dogs between 5 and 60 kg administer the entire content of the vial (1 ml) according to the table below:
LIBRELA strength (mg) to be administered
Bodyweight (kg) of dog
5
10
15
20
30
5.0 - 10.0
1 vial
10.1 - 20.0
1 vial
20.1 - 30.0
1 vial
30.1 - 40.0
1 vial
40.1 - 60.0
1 vial
60.1 - 80.0
2 vials
80.1 - 100.0
1 vial
1 vial
100.1 - 120.0
2 vials
For dogs above 60 kg, the contents of more than one vial are required to administer a single dose. In those cases, withdraw the content from each required vial into the same syringe and administer as a single subcutaneous injection (2 ml).
Contra-indications, warnings, etc
Do not use in cases of hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.
Do not use in dogs under 12 months.
The veterinary medicinal product may induce transient or persistent anti-drug antibodies. The induction of such antibodies is uncommon and may have no effect or may result in a decrease in efficacy in animals that responded to treatment previously.
If no or limited response is observed within one month after initial dosing, an improvement in response may be observed after administration of a second dose one month later. However, if the animal does not show a better response after the second dose, the veterinary surgeon should consider alternative treatments.
The safety of the veterinary medicinal product has not been established during pregnancy and lactation or in breeding dogs. Laboratory studies with anti-NGF antibodies in cynomolgus monkeys have shown evidence of teratogenic and foetotoxic effects.
Pregnancy and lactation
Do not use in pregnant or lactating animals.
Fertility
Do not use in breeding animals.
In a laboratory study over a 2-week period in young, healthy dogs without osteoarthritis, this veterinary medicinal product had no adverse effect when concomitantly administered with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory product (carprofen).
There are no safety data on the concurrent long-term use of NSAIDs and bedinvetmab in dogs. In clinical trials in humans, rapidly progressive osteoarthritis has been reported in patients receiving humanised anti-NGF monoclonal antibody therapy. The incidence of these events increased with high doses and in those human patients that received long-term (more than 90 days) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) concomitantly with an anti-NGF monoclonal antibody.
Dogs have no reported equivalent of human rapidly progressive osteoarthritis.
No other laboratory studies on the safety of concomitant administration of this veterinary medicinal product with other veterinary medicinal products have been conducted. No interactions were observed in field studies where this veterinary medicinal product was administered concomitantly with veterinary medicinal products containing parasiticides, antimicrobials, topical antiseptics with or without corticosteroids, antihistamines and vaccines.
If a vaccine(s) is to be administered at the same time as treatment with this veterinary medicinal product, the vaccine(s) should be administered at a different site to that of Librela’s administration, to reduce any potential impact on immunogenicity of the vaccine.
Do not mix with any other veterinary medicinal product.
Uncommon
(1 to 10 animals / 1,000 animals treated):
Injection site reaction (e.g. injection site swelling, injection site warmth)1.
Rare
(1 to 10 animals / 10,000 animals treated):
Polydipsia.
Polyuria.
Very rare
(<1 animal / 10,000 animals treated, including isolated reports):
Hypersensitivity reaction (anaphylaxis, facial swelling, pruritus)2, immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia, immune-mediated thrombocytopenia.
1 Mild
2 In case of such reactions, appropriate symptomatic treatment should be administered.
Reporting adverse events is important. It allows the continuous safety monitoring of a veterinary medicinal product. Reports should be sent, preferably via a veterinarian, to either the marketing authorisation holder or its local representative or the national competent authority via the national reporting system. See also section 16 of the package leaflet for respective contact details.
No adverse reactions, except mild reactions at the injection site, were observed in a laboratory overdose study when Librela was administered for 7 consecutive monthly doses at10 times the maximum recommended dose.
In case of adverse clinical signs after an overdose the dog should be treated symptomatically.
User warnings
Where a dog has not been able to properly exercise prior to treatment due to its clinical condition, it is recommended that the dog is gradually (over a few weeks) allowed to increase the amount of exercise they take (to prevent overexercise by some dogs).
Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, could potentially occur in the case of accidental self-injection. Repeated self-administration may increase the risk of hypersensitivity reactions.
The importance of Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) in ensuring normal foetal nervous system development is well-established and laboratory studies conducted on non-human primates with human anti-NGF antibodies have shown evidence of reproductive and developmental toxicity. Pregnant women, women trying to conceive and breastfeeding women should take extreme care to avoid accidental self-injection.
In case of accidental self-injection, seek medical advice immediately and show the package leaflet or the label to the physician.
Pharmaceutical precautions
Store and transport refrigerated (2°C - 8°C).
Do not freeze.
Store in the original package. Protect from light.
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 2 years.
Shelf life after first opening the immediate packaging: use immediately
Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
For animal treatment only.
Legal category
Legal category: POM-V
Packaging quantities
Clear glass type I vials with fluorobutyl rubber stopper.
Pack sizes:
Cardboard box with 1 vial of 1 ml
Cardboard box with 2 vials of 1 ml
Cardboard box with 6 vials of 1 ml
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder (if different from distributor)
Not applicable.
Further information
Mechanism of action
Bedinvetmab is a canine monoclonal antibody (mAb) targeting Nerve Growth Factor (NGF). The inhibition of NGF mediated cell signalling has demonstrated to provide relief from pain associated with osteoarthritis.
Pharmacokinetics
In a 6-month laboratory study of healthy, adult Beagles administered bedinvetmab every 28 days at doses ranging from 1-10 mg/kg, AUC and Cmax increased nearly in proportion to dose and steady-state was achieved after approximately 2 doses. In a laboratory pharmacokinetic study at the clinical label dose (0.5-1.0 mg/kg bw), peak serum drug levels (Cmax) of 6.10 μg/ml were observed at 2-7 days (tmax = 5.6 days) after subcutaneous dosing, the bioavailability was approximately 84%, the elimination half-life was approximately 12 days, and the mean AUC0-∞ was 141 μg x d/ml.
In a field effectiveness study at the label dose in dogs with osteoarthritis, the terminal half-life averaged 16 days. Steady state was achieved after 2 doses.
Bedinvetmab, like endogenous proteins, is expected to be degraded into small peptides and amino acids via normal catabolic pathways. Bedinvetmab is not metabolised by cytochrome P450 enzymes; therefore, interactions with concomitant medications that are substrates, inducers, or inhibitors of cytochrome P450 enzymes are unlikely.
Immunogenicity
The presence of binding antibodies to bedinvetmab in dogs was assessed using a multitier approach. In field studies of dogs with osteoarthritis receiving bedinvetmab once monthly, the appearance of anti-bedinvetmab antibodies was infrequent. None of the dogs exhibited any adverse clinical signs considered to be associated with binding antibodies to bedinvetmab.
Field trials
In field studies lasting up to 3 months, treatment of dogs with osteoarthritis was demonstrated to have a favourable effect on the reduction of pain assessed by the Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI). CBPI is an assessment by the animal owner of an individual dog’s response to pain treatment as assessed by pain severity (scale of 0 to 10, where 0 = no pain and 10 = extreme pain), interference of pain with the dog’s typical activities (scale of 0 to 10, where 0 = no interference and 10 = completely interferes) and quality of life. In the pivotal EU multicentre field study, 43.5% of the Librela-treated dogs and 16.9% of the placebo-treated dogs demonstrated treatment success, defined as a reduction of ≥1 in pain severity score (PSS) and ≥2 in pain interference score (PIS), on day 28 after the first dose. An onset of efficacy was demonstrated at 7 days post administration, with treatment success demonstrated in 17.8% of the Librela-treated dogs and 3.8% of the placebo-treated dogs. Treatment with bedinvetmab has demonstrated a positive effect on all three components of the CBPI. Data from an uncontrolled follow-up study lasting up to 9 months indicated sustained efficacy of treatment.
Disposal advice
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Marketing Authorisation Number
UK(GB): Vm 42058/5029-33
UK(NI): EU/2/20/261/001-015
Significant changes
GTIN
GTIN description:2x 1ml (5mg)
GTIN:05414736047508
GTIN description:2x 1ml (10mg)
GTIN:05414736047515
GTIN description:2x 1ml (15mg)
GTIN:05414736047522
GTIN description:2x 1ml (20mg)
GTIN:05414736047539
GTIN description:2x 1ml (30mg)
GTIN:05414736047546