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Further information
ATC Vet Code: QN05AA04. Acepromazine is a phenothiazine derivate. This group of molecules belongs to the neuroleptica: they depress the central nervous system and exert associated effects on the autonomic system. These effects are due to their interference with different neurotransmitter receptors (dopaminergic, adrenergic) and to their interference with hypothalamic performance.
The desired effects observed after treatment with acepromazine include a general tranquillizing effect, anti-emetic effect and a slight antihistaminic effect. There is no analgesic action. The neuroleptical effects are variable between individual animals.
Acepromazine is partly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. It binds extremely well to plasma proteins and is extensively distributed over the body tissues. Plasma levels are usually low. Acepromazine is highly metabolized and excreted in urine. The sedative activity starts within 15-30 minutes and lasts up to 6-7 hours.